Swamitva Yojana Explained (Svamitva Scheme)

Swamitva Yojana

Swamitva Yojana (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas), a Central Sector scheme has been launched on April 24 2020, the Panchayati Raj Diwas for surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited area using Drone technology. The survey shall be done across the country in a phase wise manner over the period of four years (2020 – 2024). A projected outlay of Rs 79.65 crores for the pilot phase (FY 2020 -21).

The scheme aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India. ABADI (inhabited) area of villages were not surveyed/ mapped in many States. Hence, in the absence of a legal document, the owner of the property in the rural areas are not able to leverage their own property as a financial asset acceptable by the banks for the purpose of providing loans and other financial assistance. The demarcation of abadi areas (the abadi area includes inhabitant land, inhabited areas contiguous to Abadi and wadis/basties in rural areas ) would be done using Drone Surveying technology. Apart from demarcation of individual rural property, other Gram Panchayat and community assets like village roads, ponds, canals, open spaces, school, Anganwadi, Health sub-centres, etc. would also be surveyed and GIS maps would be created

Objectives of Swamitva Yojana

The scheme seeks to achieve the following objectives:

  • To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
  • Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
  • Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • To support in preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
  • To reduce property related disputes and legal cases

Coverage under Swamitva Yojana

  • There are about 62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered in this scheme
  • The pilot phase is being approved for the year 2020-21.
  • Pilot Phase will extend to six pilot States: Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand covering approx. 1 lakh villages
  • CORS network establishment is planned for two States: Punjab and Rajasthan.

Outcome of Swamitva Yojana

  • Updation of the ‘record-of-rights’ in the revenue/property registers
  • Issuance of property cards to the property owners
  • Monetization of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services
  • Clear determination of property tax, which would accrue to the Gram Panchayats leading to better civic amenities
  • Helps to prepare better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP)

Implementing Agency of Swamitva Yojana

It is the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Department, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India. Ministry of Panchayati Raj is the implementing agency of the scheme.

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