Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched on 25th June 2015 to make urban areas more livable and inclusive besides driving the economic growth through a set of Reforms. The scheme replaced the erstwhile Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The key idea is to provide the basic services to households and build amenities in cities, with a special emphasis on improving the quality of life for the poor and the disadvantaged.
Objective of AMRUT
The objective of AMRUT is to:
- Ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;
- Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks);
- Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
Coverage under AMRUT
A total of 500 cities has been taken under the AMRUT. The following category of cities are covered under the scheme:
- All Cities and Towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities, including Cantonment Boards (Civilian areas)
- All Capital Cities/Towns of States/ UTs, not covered in point 1
- All Cities/ Towns classified as Heritage Cities by MoUD under the HRIDAY Scheme
- Thirteen Cities and Towns on the stem of the main rivers with a population above 75,000 and less than 1 lakh
- Ten Cities from hill states, islands and tourist destinations (not more than one from each State)
Financial Outlay of AMRUT
The total outlay for the scheme is Rs. 50,000 crore for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20
Thrust areas under AMRUT
The thrust areas of development under the scheme are:
- Water supply,
- Sewerage facilities and septage management,
- Storm water drains to reduce flooding,
- Pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport facilities, parking spaces, and
- Enhancing amenity value of cities by crea
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is the nodal ministry for the scheme. MoUD approves a State Annual Action Plan each year.
- Rajasthan was the first state in the country to submit State Annual Action Plan under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
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