Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM) was launched in 2011 by name Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM). It was later renamed to Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM) in November 2015. It was restructured version of Swarnjayanti Gram SwarozgarYojana (SGSY). Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), Government of India in 23rd September, 2013 by replacing the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY).
Components of Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana
The scheme has two components one for urban India and other for rural India:
- The Urban component named as Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) which is implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
- The rural component named as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana which is implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY-NULM)
The focus of urban component of DAY is on:
- Imparting skills with an expenditure of Rs.15,000 – Rs.18,000 on each urban poor
- Promotion of self-employment through setting up individual micro-enterprises and group enterprises with interest subsidy for individual projects costing Rs.2.00 lakhs and Rs.10.00 lakhs for group enterprises. Subsidized interest rate will be 7%
- Training urban poor to meet the huge demand from urban citizens by imparting market oriented skills through City Livelihood Centres. Each Centre would be given a capital grant of Rs.10.00 lakhs
- Enabling urban poor form Self-Help Groups for meeting financial and social needs with a support of Rs.10,000/- per each group who would in turn would be helped with bank linkages
- Development of vendor markets besides promotion of skills of vendors
- Construction of permanent shelters for urban homeless and provision of other essential services.
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)
The scheme is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) that seeks to alleviate rural poverty through building sustainable community institutions of the poor. The centrally sponsored programme seeks to reach out to 8-9 crore rural poor households and organize one woman member from each household into affinity-based women SHGs and federations at village level and at higher levels. As part of its non-farm livelihoods strategy, DAY-NRLM is implementing two schemes:
- Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme
- Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana
DAY-NRLM has another sub-scheme viz., Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY). DDUGKY aims at building placement linked skills of the rural youth and place them in relatively higher wage employment sectors of the economy.
- Gender Samvaad event, a joint attempt between DAY-NRLM and the Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE) to create a common platform to share experiences emerging from this effort, was organised by the Ministry of Rural Development.
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