The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is the agency of the Government of India that is responsible for implementing Aadhaar scheme. The UIDAI was formed under the Planning Commission by an executive order issued in January 2009. The agency was established in February 2009, and owns and operates the Unique Identification Number database. The agency provides a unique identification number to all persons residing in India without identity cards. Nandan Nilekani was appointed as the first Chairman of the authority in June. The Central Government has been unable to secure statutory approval for the authority after the National Identification Authority of India Bill 2010 was rejected by the Parliamentary Standing Committee as “unethical and violative of Parliament prerogatives”. On receiving a ‘go-ahead’ from the new government, UIDAI is planning to launch a media campaign to trigger up the enrolment process and to weed out misconceptions about the project. Aadhaar, an identification number for residents is widely perceived as an identity card legitimizing citizenship of the country. Till date more than 71.62 crore Aadhaar numbers have been generated.
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About Rs. 35 billion (Rs. 3,500 crore) was spent on Aadhaar program from the beginning (January-2009) till September 2013 with enrollment of 50 crore (500 million) persons. It includes operating costs as well as capital expenditure (infrastructure of land, building, and machinery). Newly elected government under prime minister Narendra Modi in union budget has allocated Rs. 2039.64 crore for the fiscal year 2014-15 for the functioning of UIDAI and to enroll remaining population and has set a target of 100 crore enrollment at the ‘earliest’. Aadhaar enrolment crossed the 75.66 crore mark (756.6 million) in February 7, 2015.
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