On the occasion of Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced ‘National Jal Jeevan Mission’ to make drinking water available to all households (14.6 crore households). It aims to ensure Har Ghar Jal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024. It will cover over 81% rural households. India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. The Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) seeks to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
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The goal of National Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).
A New Ministry “Jal Shakti Mantralaya” has been created to manage water resources and water supply in an integrated and holistic manner with the State Governments.
This Mission, under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture. The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.
The Finance Minister informed that government has identified 1592 Blocks which are critical and over exploited, spread across 256 Districts for the Jal Shakti Abhiyan. Besides using funds available under various Schemes, the Government will also explore possibility of using additional funds available under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) for this purpose.
The following kinds of works/ schemes are proposed to be taken up under JJM:
The Financial Implication and Funding Pattern under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM):
‘Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh’ will mobilize and accept donations/ contributions received from various sources to fund JJM.
The budgetary allocation for the scheme is as under:
A special 100-days campaign to provide potable piped water supply in all schools, ‘Anganwadi’ centres and other public institutions across the country was launched by the Centre on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. These facilities, under the national ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ (JJM), will be operated and maintained by the Gram Panchayat or its sub-committee — village water and sanitation committee or ‘Paani Samiti’
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