National Jal Jeevan Mission – Har Ghar Jal by 2024

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On the occasion of Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced ‘National Jal Jeevan Mission’ to make drinking water available to all households (14.6 crore households). It aims to ensure Har Ghar Jal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024. It will cover over 81% rural households. India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. The Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) seeks to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

National Jal Jeevan Mission

Goal of National Jal Jeevan Mission

The goal of National Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).

Jal Shakti Mantralaya

A New Ministry “Jal Shakti Mantralaya” has been created to manage water resources and water supply in an integrated and holistic manner with the State Governments.

This Mission, under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture. The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.

The Finance Minister informed that government has identified 1592 Blocks which are critical and over exploited, spread across 256 Districts for the Jal Shakti Abhiyan. Besides using funds available under various Schemes, the Government will also explore possibility of using additional funds available under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) for this purpose.

Work Proposed under JJM

The following kinds of works/ schemes are proposed to be taken up under JJM:

  • In-village water supply (PWS) infrastructure for tap water connection to every household;
  • Reliable drinking water source development/ augmentation of existing sources;
  • Transfer of water (multi-village scheme; where quantity & quality issues are there in the local water sources);
  • Technological intervention for treatment to make water potable (where water quality is an issue, but quantity is sufficient);
  • Retrofitting of completed and ongoing piped water supply schemes to provide FHTC and raise the service level;
  • Grey water management;
  • Capacity building of various stakeholders and support activities to facilitate the implementation.

Fiscal Outlay of National Jal Jeevan Mission

The Financial Implication and Funding Pattern under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM):

  • Total estimated cost of JJM is 3.60 Lakh Crore.
  • The fund sharing pattern between Centre and State is 90:10 for Himalayan (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh) and North-Eastern States, 100:0 for UTs and 50:50 for rest of the States.

‘Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh’ will mobilize and accept donations/ contributions received from various sources to fund JJM.

Budgetary Allocation for National Jal Jeevan Mission

The budgetary allocation for the scheme is as under:

Year Budgetary Allocation
2019-20 Rs 10,000 crore
2020-21 Rs 11,500 crore

Special 100-days campaign

A special 100-days campaign to provide potable piped water supply in all schools, ‘Anganwadi’ centres and other public institutions across the country was launched by the Centre on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. These facilities, under the national ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ (JJM), will be operated and maintained by the Gram Panchayat or its sub-committee — village water and sanitation committee or ‘Paani Samiti’

Recent News

  • The Rajasthan government has sought changes in the norms for Central assistance for the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM). Only 12% households are currently getting piped water supply, has formulated new action plans for implementing JJM by rejuvenating the sources of water to provide connections to about 98 lakh households.
  • The Centre has allocated over Rs 1,832 crore to Bihar for the implementation of the ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ during 2020-21. Bihar is planning to provide tap connections to remaining one crore 50 lakh households in 2020-21
  • The Centre has approved Rs 1,407 crore for implementation of Jal jeevan mission in Assam during the year 2020-21. Assam has planned to provide functional tap connections to 13 lakh rural households in 2020-21, out of total 63 lakh households.

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