Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. The scheme has been implemented with effect from 2014-15
Objective of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
- Promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through area based regionally differentiated strategies, which includes research, technology promotion, extension, post harvest management, processing and marketing, in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agro-climatic features;
- Encourage aggregation of farmers into farmer groups like FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope.
- Enhance horticulture production, augment farmers, income and strengthen nutritional security;
- Improve productivity by way of quality germplasm, planting material and water use efficiency through Micro Irrigation.
- Support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for rural youth in horticulture and post harvest management, especially in the cold chain sector.
Sub-schemes of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
MIDH have the following sub-schemes:
- National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
- Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)
- National Bamboo Mission
- National Horticulture Board (NHB)
- Coconut Development Board (CDB)
- Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH),
Structure of Mission
The Mission has a three tier structure –
- National: At the National level, there is a General Council (GC) and an Executive Committee (EC). The GC, which provides overall direction, is chaired by the Union Agriculture Minister. The Executive Committee (EC) headed by the Secretary (Agriculture & Cooperation) oversees the activities of the Mission, approves the Annual Action (AAPs) of the States and National Level Agencies and reviews the progress
- State: an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of the Agriculture Production Commissioner, or Secretary Horticulture /Agriculture oversees the implementation of the Mission
- District levels: he District Mission Committee (DMC) under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Zila Parishad / CEO of District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) is responsible for project formulation and monitoring.
Funding Pattern under MIDH
The Government of India contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas. 40% share is contributed by State Governments. In the case of North Eastern and Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%
- The Government of India has allocated Rs. 2250 Crore for development of horticulture sector during 2021-22
- During the year 2019-20, the country recorded its highest ever horticulture production of 320.77 million tonnes from an area of 25.66 million hectares. As per the 1st Advance Estimates for 2020-21 the total horticulture production in the country is 326.58 lakh MT from an area of 27.17 lakh ha.
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