Sources of Indian Constitution

 The constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It is longest written constitution in the world. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is regarded as father of Indian constitution. The points in constitution of India are taken from many countries in the world. Let’s see the sources of Indian constitution.

British Constitution

  • Parliamentary system
  • Symbolic or nominal importance of head of state
  • Single citizenship
  • Cabinet system
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Bicameralism

American Constitution

  • Fundamental rights
  • Independence of Judiciary
  • The principle of judicial review
  • The post of Vice-President
  • Removal of judges of Supreme Court, High Court and Impeachment of President.

Ireland Constitution

  • DPSP (Directive Principle of State Policy)
  • Methods of President Election
  • Nomination of members to the Council of State

Canada Constitution

  • Federal system with powerful State
  • Vesting residuary powers in Centre
  • Appointment of state governor by Centre
  • Advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court

Australia Constitution

  • Concurrent list
  • Freedom of Trade and Commerce
  • Joint sitting of both houses of Parliament

Germany Constitution

  • Suspension of fundamental rights during emergency

USSR Constitution

  • Fundamental duties
  • Ideal of social, economic and political justice in Preamble

France Constitution

  • Republican structure
  • Ideal of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity

South Africa Constitution

  • Amendment of constitution
  • Election of member of Rajya Sabha

Japan Constitution

  • Procedure established by law

Government of India Act 1935

  • Federal system
  • Governor’s office
  • Structure of judiciary
  • Public Service Commission
  • Emergency provision
  • Three list for distribution of power